Term/Word Definition
Ad blocker A program that removes different kinds of advertising (pop-ups, banner ads) from a user’s experience online. (Recommended: uBlock Origin.)
Android A mobile operating system designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.
Apps Programmes installed on your mobile device, tablet
Bluetooth A kind of wireless technology that enables short-range communication between devices like mobile phones or tablets. It only operates when devices have their bluetooth capability turned on.
Bug A fault or failure in a software program
Cookies A small amount of data generated by a website and saved by your web browser. The purpose of cookies is to remember information about you, such as storing login information, for a specific site.
Encryption The process of encoding information or messages in such a way that only authorized parties can read it.
Firewall A system designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private internet network. Firewalls are usually used to stop unauthorized internet users from accessing private internet networks.
Geotagging The process of adding geographical information to various media for example photos
GPS The Global Positioning System (GPS) identifies your location using a system of satellites.
Hack To get unauthorised access to data in a system or computer
Incognito mode Incognito mode on the web prevents Google Chrome from saving a record of what you visit and download.
iOS Operating system for apple mobile devices
IP (Internet Protocol) Address A unique set of four numbers separated by a full stops which is used to identify your computer or device when it connects to the internet
Facebook Timeline The area of facebook where a user’s photos, updates and events are shared.
Open Source Software for which the original design and code is made freely available to the public so it can be redistributed and modified.
Phishing The fraudulent practice of sending emails purporting to be from reputable companies in order to induce individuals to reveal personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers, online.
Plug-in An application that can be installed and used as part of your normal web-browser to add new features such as virus scanners.
Spyware & Malware Malware is a kind of software designed to damage a computer system without the owner’s knowledge or consent. The most common way a person will install Malware on a computer system is through the internet, including e-mail. Spyware is a form of malware that is installed on computers to collect information about users without their knowledge. Spyware programs can monitor and collect personal information and change user settings stored on the compromised computer.
Rooting (or jailbreaking) The process of allowing users of smartphones, tablets and other devices running the Android operating system to gain privileged control of their device. Rooting is usually performed with the aim of overriding restrictions that manufacturers put on devices. Rooting gives the ability to users to alter or replace system applications and settings and to run specialized apps.
Spokeo A website that combines data from various social networks.
SIM A smart card inside a mobile phone that stores the identification number unique to the owner and personal data (i.e. contact data). Removal of the SIM card will stop the phone from working.
Two-factor Authentication Technology that provides identification of users by means of the combination of two different components. For example when withdrawing money from a cash machine users are required to provide the combination of a bank card and a personal identification number (PIN).
Trackers The analysis of a visitor’s behaviour on a website that results in the visitor being presented with content tailored to their interests based on what websites they visit and what they look at.
VoIP Voice over IP (VoIP) is a form of technology that allows voice and video communications over the internet. The most well-known example is Skype.
Web Cache Temporary storage of web documents


Shopping & Banking How to protect yourself while shopping and banking online: Online Safety - Shopping Online: Security Tips, Rules and Advice:
VPN How to VPN with Private Internet Access to Stay Safe Online: Best Free VPN Services 2015: Full VPN Tutorial: Setup VPN in Windows 8: How VPN Works:
Social Networking Do’s and Don’ts of Social Networking: Easy way to stay safe on Social Networks:
General How to Protect your name online: How to Know if a website is secure:

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